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Germ Type: Virus
Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are a family of contagious viruses that affect the liver.
strong>Prevention: Frequent handwashing after using the bathroom and before handling food can help prevent the spread of hepatitis A; this is especially important for those infected with the virus (or caring for someone who is). Hepatitis A virus can survive for weeks on surfaces like countertops, bathroom tiles and plastic toys, so disinfection of the environment is important to stop the spread of the virus. CDC recommends that all one-year-old children, certain international travelers, and those in certain at-risk groups receive the hepatitis A vaccine. (Ask your healthcare provider whether you are at risk.)
Prevention: CDC recommends the hepatitis B vaccine for all infants and others at risk. Contact with blood or bodily fluids of an infected person, or items that could contain them (such as razors, toothbrushes or syringes), should be avoided. Hands should be washed anytime there is contact with body fluids to help prevent the spread of this virus.
Prevention: The best way to prevent the spread of hepatitis C is to avoid the sharing of syringes. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.