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Germ type: bacteria
Group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria is often found in the throat and on the skin. GAS can cause such illnesses as "strep throat" or impetigo (a skin infection), although in many cases, people carry the bacteria and have no symptoms. If these bacteria get into other parts of the body — such as muscle, bloodstream or lungs — they can cause serious infection. Strep throat is often treated with an antibiotic; a healthcare provider will determine if antibiotics are necessary for a GAS infection.
Group B Strep
Group B Streptococcus (group B strep) causes illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with other illnesses, like liver disease or diabetes. It is the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns, including pneumonia or blood or brain infections. Symptoms in an infant can begin within a few hours of birth ("early onset"), or up to several months later ("late onset"). A pregnant woman may have a bladder infection caused by group B strep.