Cold and Flu Prevention

Importance of Controlling the Spread of Cold and Flu Germs

Cold and flu are powerful viruses that are spread easily between people. It’s important to do everything you can to prevent the spread of germs so that you – and your family -- don’t get sick. Flu can also cause mild to severe complications, especially for at-risk groups like young children and the elderly.

The good news is that prevention of cold and flu is relatively easy. It begins with basic practices like:

  • Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces
  • Remembering frequent hand washing
  • Getting a flu vaccine

Cold and Flu Prevention Tips


The basic steps for preventing the spread of cold germs are:

  • Practice frequent and thorough hand washing
  • Clean and disinfect frequently-touched surfaces regularly
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and dispose of used tissues in the trash
  • Follow basic health habits to help fight off cold viruses.

Seasonal Flu

CDC recommends the following steps to help prevent becoming sick with the flu:

  • Get vaccinated. According to the CDC, vaccination is the best protection we have against flu.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Stay away from people who are sick.
  • Wash hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Reduce germs on surfaces like bedside tables, bathroom surfaces, kitchen counters and children’s toys clean by using disinfecting wipes, disinfecting all-purpose cleaner or disinfectant spray. Follow label directions to disinfect properly; rinse children’s toys after disinfecting them.
  • Try to avoid contact with those who are sick. If someone in your home is sick, try to keep the person in a separate room, if possible. Throw tissues and other disposable items used by a sick person into the trash.

Since the disease can be spread via hands and surfaces, proper hygiene is critical to reducing the risk of contracting the flu. And if there is an outbreak in your area, follow public health advice regarding school closures, avoiding crowds and other social distancing measures.

Seasonal Flu Vaccine

Getting vaccinated is the best protection against contracting the flu. 

*Source: CDC

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